What to Bring Along

  • Comfortable clothes for the tour
  • Comfortable shoes for walking around the site
  • Cameras
  • sunscreen
  • hat
  • bug spray
  • snacks & water
  • Intensity: Easy

This Late Classic ceremonial center is noted for its unusual style of construction distinctive of southern Belize. The large pyramids and residences are made of dresses stone blocks with no mortar binding them together. The buildings on top of the pyramids were made from perishable materials rather than masonry and hence do not remain. The name is Maya for "Place of Fallen Stones."


Lubaantun is a Late Classic Maya site near the village of San Pedro Columbia in the midst of the Rio Grande and San Antonio Indian Reservations. Lubaantun, "the place of fallen stones," is situated within the Rio Grande drainage basin, in the Toledo District. The site is accessible from the Southern Highway, via San Pedro Columbia or the Silver Creek road.

The environment of Lubaantun is bounded by the seacoast on the east, the Maya Mountains on the north and west, and swampland on the south.

The site is well known for its mass of mould-made ceramic whistle figurines, metates (grinding stones) and manos (grinding tools), and its "stepped" (stair-like) architecture. Lubaantun has three ballcourts, to the east, west, and south of the major religious buildings.

Streams flow on either edge of the site core, and the elevation ranges from 30m at the stream banks, to 60m at the extreme northern portion of the site. Given its size, the lack of carved stone monuments (stelae) at Lubaantun is a curious point of interest.

Geography & Environment

Lubaantun is located at the foothills of the Maya Mountains. This archaeological region is known as the Southern Maya Lowlands and extends north to the Yucatan peninsula (Mexico), and south to the Copan valley (Honduras). The environment is characterized by rich soils, very well suited to growing cacao and maize, a high rainfall throughout the year, and distinct wet and dry seasons. There is access to limestone and granite materials, rainforest and marine resources.